网络百科 互联网 定语从句的关联词 关系代词所代替的先行词

定语从句的关联词 关系代词所代替的先行词

定语从句的关联词 : 常见的关联词(关系代词或关系副词)有:
关系代词that,which,who,whom,whose;
关系副词when, where, why等。
关系代词所代替的先行词是人或物的名词或代词,并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分。关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持一致。
(1)who, whom, that。
一般情况下that可指人或物,可以代替who,whom,在从句中作主语或谓语动词的宾语,但不能作介词的宾语。这些词代替的先行词是人的名词或代词,在从句中所起作用如下:
Is he the man who/that wants to see you?
他就是想见你的人吗?(who/that在从句中作主语)
He is the man whom/that I saw yesterday.
他就是我昨天见的那个人。
(whom/that在从句中作宾语)
(2)whose 用来指人或物(只用作定语, 若指物,它还可以同of which互换)。
例如:
The woman whose hair is long is my English teacher.
长头发的那个妇女是我的英语老师。
Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green.
请递给我那本绿皮的书。
(3)which, that。
它们所代替的先行词是事物的名词或代词,在从句中可作主语、宾语等。
例如:
The book which/that Mum bought me last week is lost.
妈妈上周买给我的那本书搞丢了。(that/which在句中作宾语)
The train that/which was going to Beijing was late.
开往北京的火车晚点了。(that/which在句中作主语)
例1 The song      the Beetles sang was very popular.
A. which       B. who
C. whom        D. whose
解析 which 在句中作宾语。
答案 A
例2 The foreigners      visited our school are from Canada.
A. which    B. who
C. /      D. whom
解析 关联词在定语从句中充当主语,先行词是人,故选B。
答案 B
例3 Our classroom      windows face the north is very big.
A. who   B. that
C. which  D. whose
解析 whose在定语从句中充当定语。
答案 D

返回顶部